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Eye Health

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetes affects all organs in human body including eyes. Elevated blood sugar can affect your vision by causing persistent eye lid inflammation, poor tear production, weak cornea surface which will lead to dry eyes symptoms. Diabetes also can cause cataract which may worsen your vision.

Elevated blood sugar damages blood vessels making them leak. This can lead to diabetic retinopathy. Retina is located inside your eye which accepts light thru pupil and transfers them as vision to brain via a complicated pathway thru optic nerve. Diabetic retinopathy is progressive and can lead to complete loss of vision. Early detection and treatment by your ophthalmologist can help prevent blindness.



Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve. Glaucoma causes blindness without treatment. There are different types of glaucoma. Most common form is painless and progresses very slowly. Also commonly it affects a person’s peripheral field of vision. So many patients do not become aware of their condition until the disease has advanced significantly. There are several methods an ophthalmologist can use to prevent blindness from glaucoma by early detection. Family history of glaucoma, appearance of the optic nerve, elevated eye pressure can increase risk of developing glaucoma in a person. Coexisting diabetes can cause glaucoma progression faster.

Children Eye Diseases

Every Child should receive a complete dilated eye exam especially if they are born premature, squinting or rubbing their eyes, eyes crossing or family history of crossing, persistent tearing, red eyes, poorly responding to visual stimuli to mention a few.  A child's eyes may appear perfectly normal and can develop amblyopia or lazy eye if they have refractive error that needs to be corrected with glasses. Amblyopia is irreversible after kids reach certain age. Glaucoma, diabetes and many other systemic diseases can affect children's eyes just like any adults'.


Eye lids can have many conditions that can cause swelling, redness, droopy lids, crusting, stickiness, missing eyelashes etc. It is important that we keep our eyelids and lashes clean and monitor for any changes in eyelid shapes. If you have chronic inflammation that may be from infection, dermatitis or tumor and it is necessary that you get a thorough eye exam by an ophthalmologist.

Red Eye

Red eyes are due to inflammation in any part of your eyes. It can be from eyelid inflammation (blepharitis), conjunctivitis (pink eye, allergies), corneal (the clear portion that sits in front of the color part of your eyes) inflammation. Cornea can be irritated or inflamed by persistent contact lens wear, dry eyes, injury, infection (bacterial or viral) etc. Your eye can also be red from inflammation happening inside the eye. Which must be evaluated to make sure there is no systemic cause (TB, syphilis, HIV, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, sarcoidosis, advanced diabetes, glaucoma, history of trauma to the eyes). Red, painful and light sensitive eye should be checked by an eye doctor as soon as possible.



Cataract is the opacification of the clear lens that sits inside and behind the color portion of our eyes. Everyone will have cataract as this is part of aging. Besides aging cataract can occur at birth (due to trauma, infection, genetic) and throughout a persons' life. As an adult cataract can be from eye trauma, diabetes, longstanding inflammation, prolong steroid use etc. Cataract can be removed by surgery and usually replaced with an artificial lens by an eye surgeon. Symptoms of cataract include but are not limited to blurry vision, decrease vision, glare, unable to recognize color/faces.


Macular Degeneration 

Macula is the area inside your eyes that contains the central part of your vision known as fovea. Fovea is where most people have 20/20 vision for some without and some with glasses. Macular degeneration is a complex disease of the pigmented part of your retina. It can be due to atrophy or growth of abnormal blood vessels which causes bleeding and loss of vision. This disease usually affects elderly population and can be hereditary. There are genetic testing available to check for your risk of having the disease if you have specific findings during a dilated eye exam. This is a progressive disease and causes blindness. Studies have shown that specific vitamins, intraocular injections can slow down the progression of advanced macular degeneration.


Headache can be in ocular origin. Can arise from straining your eyes due to need for corrective glasses, eye inflammation, dry eyes, ocular migraine etc. Persistent headaches or severe headache should be evaluated by your family physician or an ophthalmologist immediately.

Blurry Vision

Sudden onset of blurry vision should be evaluated by a physician immediately. Diabetes, uncontrolled high blood pressure, stroke and other brain diseases, cataract, eye trauma, glaucoma, eye inflammation, need for glasses, dry eyes can lead to blurry vision.


Dry Eyes

Dry eyes can arise from inflammation of your eyelids, poor tear production due to some other diseases such many rheumatologic diseases, diabetes, thyroid disease, contact lens wear, cornea diseases. Signs and symptoms may include but are not limited to blurriness, tearing, red eyes, tired or sticky feeling eyes etc. Over the counter artificial tears may improve the symptoms. However it is recommended that a thorough evaluation by an eye doctor is done to diagnose the exact cause and be treated appropriately.

This page is for general information only. It is in no way for your specific medical advice. Please consult your physician for detail information.


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